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Myopia, or nearsightedness is a very common vision problem. It’s estimated that up to one-third of Americans are nearsighted.

Nearsighted people have difficulty reading road signs and seeing distant objects clearly, but can see well for up-close tasks such as reading or sewing.

What is the difference between “correcting” myopia and “managing” Myopia?

Correcting for myopia uses lenses and surgery to correct for the misfocus of light (blur) in the eye. It does not influence the worsening or progression of myopia.

Myopia Management goes a step further. It “corrects” for the misfocus of light in the eye (blur) and, additionally, uses methods to “control” the progression of myopia. It uses medications and special lenses to arrest or slow the worsening (control) of myopia.”

Signs and symptoms of myopia

Nearsighted people often have headaches or eyestrain, and might squint or feel fatigued when driving or playing sports. If you experience these symptoms while wearing your glasses or contact lenses, you may need a stronger prescription.

What causes myopia?

Nearsightedness runs in families and usually appears in childhood. This vision problem may stabilize at a certain point, although sometimes it worsens with age.

Myopia treatment

Nearsightedness may be corrected with glasses, contact lenses or refractive surgery. Depending on the degree of your myopia, you may need to wear eyeglasses or contact lenses all the time, or only when you need sharper distance vision, like when driving, viewing a chalkboard or watching a movie.

If your glasses or contact lens prescription begins with minus numbers, like -2.50, you are nearsighted.