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Eye injuries come in many shapes and sizes, some more serious than others. Some might necessitate emergency treatment and immediate care by an optometrist, while others can be dealt with at home. Read these guidelines for typical eye injuries, to figure out the next move in case of an eye emergency. Keep in mind that general preventive protections including using protective goggles may be the most effective way to keep your eyes healthy.
One injury that should be treated seriously is a corneal abrasion (scratched eye). It can lead to serious harm very quickly and possibly result in blindness. Scratches are often the result of a poke in the eye, or scratching the eye when there is sand in it. Because a scratch can make your eye susceptible to fungal infection it's very important that you contact your eye doctor or an emergency room. The best advice for a corneal abrasion is to keep it loosely closed and to see your eye care practitioner immediately to inspect it. Touching the eye will only cause more harm and entirely covering the eye can give bacteria a place to grow.
Chemical exposure is another critical type of eye injury. It is often scary to get sprayed in the eye by an unknown liquid. The first thing to figure out is what substance went into your eye. A chemical's fundamental composition is the most significant factor. While acids can cause considerable swelling and burning, they can be washed out pretty easily. However, base or alkali chemicals can be more serious even though they don't appear to be because they don't cause as much initial eye pain or swelling as acids.
Though no one ever wants to think about a serious eye injury, it's suggested to have a plan for how to respond in such emergencies. By following these guidelines you can be assured that you'll know how to deal with most common eye issues. Of course, extra safety measures can help you avoid this type of injuries altogether so consult with your eye care practitioner about preventative eye care!