A decline in strong vision is usually the result of a number of conditions such as changes in the body or in the eye, eye diseases, side effects due to medication or injury. Commonly, people also experience visual abnormalities resulting from aging or eye stress. These experiences can lead to changes in your eyesight, which may cause discomfort and even make it harder to perform daily activities, like reading books or looking at a computer screen for extended periods of time. These vision problems can be expressed through the following symptoms: blurry vision, headaches, eye strain, and problems seeing at short or long distances.
Blurred vision is one of the most oft-reported signs of a vision problem. If you report blurred vision when you're looking at faraway objects, you may very well have myopia, or be nearsighted. If you have blurred vision when you're viewing something at close range it could mean you suffer from farsightedness, or hyperopia. It can also mean you have astigmatism which occurs due to a flaw in the way the cornea is formed. No matter the reason you have blurry vision, it is essential that an eye doctor examine your eyes and prescribe a solution to help clarify your sight.
Sudden flashes of light, often combined with black floating spots and what may feel like a dark curtain blocking a section of your vision indicates you might have what's known as a retinal detachment. If this happens, visit your eye doctor right away, because it can have severe consequences.
Another indicator of a vision problem is trouble distinguishing shades or intensity of color. This is an indication of color blindness. Color blindness is often unknown to the patient until discovered via a consultation. Color blindness is mostly something that affects males. If a woman has difficulty perceiving color it might represent ocular disease, and an optometrist needs to be consulted. For people who struggle to distinguish between objects in minimal light, it is a sign of possible night blindness.
Cataracts, a condition frequently seen older people can have several indicating signs which include: hazy vision that is worse in bright light, trouble seeing in the dark or reduced light, trouble seeing small writing or details, colors that appear faded or yellowed, improvement in near vision but a decline in distance vision, painful puffiness around the eye, and a milky white appearance to the usually dark pupil.
Throbbing pain in the eye, headaches, unclear sight, redness in the eye, rainbow rings around lights, nausea and vomiting are indicators of glaucoma, a severe medical condition, which requires immediate medical attention.
With younger patients, it's useful to keep an eye out for uncoordinated eye movement, or crossed eyes, which could indicate a condition known as strabismus. Certain behavior in children, such as rubbing one or both eyes frequently, squinting, or needing to shut one eye to look at things better, can often point to strabismus.
Even though some conditions may be more problematic than others, anything that limits normal vision will be a burden, and impact your quality of life. A brief appointment with your optometrist can prevent unnecessary discomfort, or even more severe eye and vision problems.